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GreenFacts Digests

GreenFacts Digests are Clear Summaries
of Scientific Consensus Documents

published under the authority of the GreenFacts Scientific Board

 
Recent GreenFacts Digests:
Provided by GreenFacts
 
Facts on Chernobyl
 

Phthalates home20 years ago, the most serious accident in nuclear history changed the lives of many. Massive amounts of radioactive materials were released. The most contaminated zone was in parts of Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine. How has this region been affected and how has it coped? More on the Chernobyl accident...

Facts on Static Fields
 

Static Fields homeSome electrical equipment, such as trains, television sets, and especially NMR medical scanners, can generate very high static magnetic or electric fields. What is known so far about their potential health effects? More on static fields...

Facts on Alcohol
 

Alcohol homeAlcohol is linked with connotations of pleasure and sociability in the minds of many, but it has harmful consequences. What are the impacts of its consumption on human health and society? More on alcohol...

Facts on Phthalates
 
Phthalates homePhthalates are additives widely used in plastics and other materials, notably to make them soft and flexible. Three of them (DIDP and DINP, and DBP) have applications in consumer products, industry, and medicine. What effects may they have on environment and health?
More on phthalates...
Source:
ECB (2003-2004)

Summaries:
GreenFacts (2005)
Facts on Genetically Modified Crops
 
Genetically Modified Crops homeWe are regularly confronted with genetically modified foods, be it in the news or on our plates. In what way are GM crops different from conventional crops? What is known about the possible risks for human health or the environment? More on Genetically modified crops...
Source:
FAO (2004)

Summaries:
by GreenFacts (2005)
Facts on Respiratory Diseases in Children
 
Fisheries home

Asthma and allergies are increasing in many European countries. Can genetic and environmental factors affect a child's likelihood to develop such diseases? More on respiratory diseases...

Source:
EC (2003)

Summaries:
by B. Nemery and T. Nawrot (2005)
Facts on Fluoride
 

Fluoride homeFood and drinking water typically contain at least small amounts of fluorides. Fluorides are commonly added to dental products – and sometimes to tap water – to prevent cavities. Under what conditions can fluoride exposure be beneficial or detrimental to human health?

Source:
IPCS (2002)

Summaries:
by John Fawell (2005)
Read this fluoride Digest
Facts on Air Pollution
 

Static Fields homeWhile ambient air quality in Europe improved in several respects during the last decades of the 20th century, current levels of air pollution, notably by Ozone, Nitrogen Dioxide and Particulate Matter, still affect public health. Can these pollutants cause respiratory diseases and reduce life expectancy? Read this air pollution Digest

Facts on Ecosystem Change
 

Ecosystem change home Humans depend heavily on ecosystem for benefits such as food, but we also have a tremendous impact on them. How can ecosystem degradation affect human well-being today and in the future? What actions are needed to limit harmful consequences?

Source:
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005)

Summaries:
by GreenFacts (2005)
Read this ecosystem change Digest


Facts on Tobacco and Involuntary Smoking
 

Tobacco home Over one thousand million people worldwide smoke tobacco. The percentage of smokers is still increasing in developing countries and among women. Harmful effects of tobacco on smokers are ever more known. Are passive smokers also at risk?

Source:
IARC (2002)

Summaries:
by Dr. Leigh Henderson for GreenFacts (2004)
Read this Digest on tobacco and involuntary smoking


Facts on Boron
 

Boron home Food and drinking water commonly contain some boron. Boron is used for instance in laundry products. Could boron exposure affect my health? Under what conditions could it be beneficial or harmful to the environment?

Source:
IPCS (1998)

Summaries:
by Dr. Katharine Fox for GreenFacts (2004)
More on Boron...


Facts on Arsenic
 

Arsenic home Arsenic is a poisonous substance, which is released both by certain human activities and naturally from the earth's crust. Humans may be exposed to arsenic mainly through food and water. Can arsenic affect human health or the environment?

Source:
WHO-IPCS (2001)

Summaries:
by Dr. Sue Barlow for GreenFacts (2004)
More on Arsenic...


Facts on Mercury
 

Mercury homeMercury is a heavy metal of which some forms are known to be highly toxic. Though mercury occurs naturally in the environment it is now mainly released by human activities. Are these releases being controlled? Are humans and the environment at risk?

Source:
UNEP (2002)

Summaries:
by John Pickup for GreenFacts (2004)

More on mercury...


Facts on Power Lines
 

Power Lines homeOverhead power lines, wiring in buildings and electrical appliances generate "Extremely Low Frequency" (ELF) electromagnetic fields. Can such ELF fields cause cancer, leukaemia or other health effects?

Source:
IARC (2002)

Summaries:
by Prof. Luc Verschaeve for GreenFacts (2004)
More on power lines...


Facts on Water Disinfectants
 

Water disinfectants homeTo protect drinking water against germs, disinfectants such as chlorine, ozone, chloramines, and chlorine dioxide are used. In the water these disinfectants can form certain unwanted by-products, which raise health concerns...

Source:
IPCS (2000)

Summaries:
by John Fawell for GreenFacts (2004)

Read this water disinfectant Digest


Facts on Dioxins
 

Dioxins homeDioxins are mainly released by human activities such as incineration and fuel combustion. Some are known to be very toxic. While dioxin levels are dropping in industrialized countries, some people have been accidentally exposed to high doses…

Source:
WHO-IPCS (1998)

Summaries:
by Dr. Ludo Holsbeek for GreenFacts (2004)
Read this dioxin Digest


Facts on Aspartame

Aspartame homeAspartame (sometimes misspelled "aspertame") is a non caloric sweetener used in some diet soft drinks and food preparations. Many studies have assessed its safety, but some allegations of health risks have launched a debate: does aspartame pose health risks?

Source:
EC (2002)
Summaries:
by Prof. Pedro Buc Calderón for GreenFacts (2004)
Read this aspartame Digest


Facts on Endocrine Disruptors
 

Endocrine disruptors homeSome chemicals, both natural and man-made, can interfere with the hormonal system. Have such ‘endocrine disruptors’ affected wild life and our hormonal system? Can they have adverse effects at low levels? How much is known so far?

Source:
IPCS (2002)

Summaries:
by Dr. Sue Barlow for GreenFacts (2004)
Read this endocrine disruptor Digest


Facts on Climate Change and Global Warming
 

Climate change homeThere is new and stronger evidence that most of the Earth's warming observed the last 50 years is due to human activities. In what way could Climate Change affect us in the future? How serious could the consequences be?

Main Source:
IPCC (2001)

Summaries:
by GreenFacts (2002)

Read this climate change Digest
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